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How to obtain Polish citizenship in 2023 year

Polish citizenship

How to move to Poland? Good question. Rapid immigration is caused by good living conditions, the opportunity to find a good profession and work in a prestigious company.

We will tell you in detail, what requirements must be met to obtain Polish citizenship. Analysis takes into account the legislation of Poland, makes it possible to easily prepare for obtaining a Polish passport. The article is current on 2023 year.

Benefits of Polish citizenship

Registration of Polish citizenship can take a long time, but obtaining it has many advantages:

  1. Inexpensive education, free medical care and work in the EU.
  2. Dual citizenship is allowed.
  3. You can travel to more than 150 countries without a visa for up to 3 months.
  4. It is easier to emigrate to the countries of the European Union.
  5. Financial support from the state when creating a business.

Ways to obtain Polish citizenship


Proof of kinship for citizenship is repatriation. It assumes compliance with one of the following criteria:

  1. A relative (for example, a Polish mother) was born in Poland, lived there since 1920.
  2. The relative left the republic after 1920, but it is possible to find his registration address.
  3. The relative did not lose Polish citizenship before the applicant's birthday.

Important information!
Recently, a number of companies have appeared on the market offering paid registration of repatriation and the subsequent acquisition of citizenship of Poland (and not only). We want to warn you against such services. It is illegal, unreliable and entails irreparable consequences. Over the past year, more than a dozen passports have already been taken away from this kind of “Poles”.

Consider other ways to apply for a Polish passport if there are no Polish relatives. A separate table contains methods for minors. Let's start with them:

By "right of the blood" If the parent has a Polish passport.
By the "law of the earth" Assumes the granting of citizenship to a child if he was born or lives on the territory of the Republic of Poland, but he has no parents or his parents do not have citizenship.
adopted children Polish citizenship is attributed to a child from birth if a child under 16 is adopted by the family.
Method 4 1. Life in the state with the help of:

  • Residence permit / permanent residence.
  • Permission to stay in the EU.

2. One parent does not have Polish citizenship, the other parent agrees that the child will receive Polish citizenship.

Method 5 1. Living in the country with the help of:

  • Permanent residence / residence permit.
  • Permission to live in the European Union.

2. One parent is a Polish citizen, the other parent agrees that the child will receive Polish citizenship.

If the child is 16 years old, he must express his consent to the assignment of Polish citizenship to him at the consul.

Method 1 1. Live in the Republic for at least 3 years on the basis of:

  • Permanent residence / residence permit.
  • Permission to reside in the European Union.

2. Stable income in Poland.

3. Obtaining title to the living area.

Method 2 1. Stay in the state for at least 2 years with the help of:

  • Permanent residence / residence permit
  • EU residence permit.).

2. Marriage with a Polish citizen for at least 3 years.

Method 3 1. Live in the country for at least 10 years with the help of:

  • Permanent residence / residence permit.
  • Permission to live in the European Union.

2. Stable income in Poland.

3. Legal right to housing.

Method 4 Staying in the state for at least 2 years due to:

  • Polish origin
  • possession of the Pole's Card.
Method 5 Residence in the state for at least 2 years under the permanent residence program (as a refugee).

Refugee status is confirmed by the Presidency of the Government of Poland. Refugees do not need to take exams and tests.

Polish citizenship is obtained sequentially through a residence permit and permanent residence. This is a slow process, unlike, for example, Residence permit in Malta by investment.

How to get a residence permit in Poland

A residence permit is a “residence permit”, but temporary. Valid from 3 months to 3 years.

What gives a residence permit:

  • Legal activity in Poland (opportunity to study, work, conduct business).
  • Visa-free residence in the European Union.

How to get a residence permit in Poland:

  • Admission to a Polish university.
  • Opening a business in Poland.
  • Marriage with a Polish citizen.
  • Official work in Poland.

Basic documents for obtaining a residence permit.

  • Application in Polish.
  • Medical insurance.
  • Statement of payment of state duty.
  • Four photographs measuring 3.5 x 4.5 cm.
  • Certificate of earnings while living in the Republic of Poland.
  • Proof of home ownership.
  • International passport.

Additional documents for obtaining a residence permit:

When studying at universities in Poland / in language courses
  • Extracts from educational institutions about the stage of education.
  • Instead of income confirmation, for example, certificates of sponsorship and so on.
  • Certificate of secondary education.
While living in the Republic of Poland on the basis of marriage
  • Extract from the registry office about marriage.
  • Birth certificate (for children).
  • Citizenship or permanent residence of one of the spouses.
  • Statements to confirm official income.
  • Work permit (“visa legalization”).

State duty for obtaining a residence permit - PLN 340. If a residence permit is issued under an employment contract, then the amount is different - 440 PLN. The residence permit has a feature - if it expires, it can be extended.

How to get permanent residence in Poland

Permanent residence is a permanent residence permit. It can be obtained after 5 years of being in the country.

Advantages of permanent residence:

  • Getting an education, starting a business in Poland.
  • Opportunity to travel 3 times in six months in the European Union.
  • Buying a property.
  • Permanent residence is the path to obtaining citizenship.

How to get permanent residence in Poland:

  • Getting an education / work in the territory of the republic.
  • Entrepreneurship.
  • Moving to close relatives.
  • based on repatriation.

Basic documents for obtaining permanent residence:

  • Application completed in Polish.
  • Medical insurance in Polish.
  • Payment of state duty.
  • Four photographs measuring 3.5 x 4.5 cm.
  • Proof of income in Poland.
  • Registration at the place of residence.
  • International passport.

Additional documents for obtaining permanent residence:

When studying at the universities of the Polish Republic
  • Solvency confirmation.
  • Enrollment information.
When applying for a job
  • Working contract.
  • Income verification.
When moving to relatives
  • Proof of Polish citizenship of relatives.
  • Documents to prove relationship.
For a minor (application is submitted by parents)
  • Identification.
  • Four photographs measuring 3.5 x 4.5 cm.
  • Statement.
  • Birth certificate.
  • parental rights.
  • Confirmation of the right to reside in the given republic.

Pole's map

The Pole's Card is a document proving that a citizen of another country belongs to the Polish people. Do not confuse the Pole's Card and the visa. With one card (without a passport and other documents) it will not be possible to migrate to Poland.

Main privileges of the Pole's Card:

  • Employment without a “work permit”.
  • Free medical care in emergencies.
  • 37% discount on train tickets in Poland.
  • Free admission to state museums.
  • Simplification of obtaining Polish citizenship.
  • When applying for permanent residence - a cash allowance (no more than 9 months) for the applicant and his relatives living in the Republic of Poland.
  • The Pole's Card is renewed every 10 years - a long time.

List of documents for obtaining the Pole's Card:

  • Application in Polish.
  • Polish identity card (for example, a high school diploma).
  • Information about Polish relatives to prove kinship.
  • Extracts from the service in the Polish military formations.
  • Photo format 3.5 x 4.5 cm.

When issuing a Pole's Card, no consular fee is charged. Another point - if a citizen has permanent residence, the Pole's Card is withdrawn.

When staying in Poland, it is allowed to leave it for no more than 3 months per year.

Polish citizenship by investment

Many citizens of the Russian Federation are wondering: “Is it possible to get a Polish passport for investment?” Now this practice is not common. This is a minus, but there are other ways to move to this state.

On the topic of paid "repatriation" we spoke at the beginning of the article. Such services are provided by scammers, at best you will simply lose your funds, at worst you will be prosecuted for forging documents.

Previously, it was possible to obtain citizenship of Cyprus. At the moment, we can only arrange for you jet to Cyprus, there is also no opportunity to obtain citizenship by investment.

The procedure for obtaining Polish citizenship

An approximate plan for acquiring Polish citizenship looks like this:

  1. Preparation of necessary documents.
  2. Payment of stamp duty.
  3. Submission of an application.
  4. Waiting for a decision on granting citizenship.

Where to apply

"Where to apply?" - a popular request when applying for a Polish passport. To apply for Polish citizenship, you need to apply to the President through the consul or the governor (depending on the place of residence).

The first thing a foreigner should think about is the reason for obtaining a Polish passport. She must be persuasive.

Required package of documents

We have compiled a list of all the necessary documents for obtaining Polish citizenship. They can be submitted in person or by mail.

  1. Application for citizenship in Polish.
  2. Four photographs 4.5 x 3.5 cm (requirements similar to a passport photo).
  3. Identity card (passport or travel document, etc.).
  4. Birth certificate registered in Poland.
  5. A copy of the permanent residence permit or permission to stay in the European Union.
  6. Copy of permanent residence card.
  7. Certificate of knowledge of the Polish language at level B1.
  8. Extract from the Polish registry office on the conclusion / dissolution of marriage. It must be issued no earlier than 3 months before the issuance of a Polish passport.
  9. Extract from the Polish registry office with information about the mother and father.
  10. Information about distant ancestors who were Polish citizens.
  11. Information about the spouse of a citizen (for example, confirmation of his citizenship).
  12. Information about the applicant's sources of income.
  13. Possession of Polish citizenship before/date of acquisition of another citizenship.
  14. Autobiography in Polish.
  15. Extracts confirming the absence of a criminal record and all sorts of offenses.
  16. Information about the results of the medical commission passed in Poland.
  17. An extract on the dates of departure from Poland and return, indicating the places of stay abroad. If there are no exact dates (air tickets or other information is lost), it is enough to submit an application, which will indicate the approximate dates.
  18. Statement of payment of the fee for obtaining a Polish passport.

If a person is recognized as a citizen of Poland, the following documents will have to be prepared:

  1. Confirmation of a regular source of income while living in Poland.
  2. Certificates confirming the right to occupy living space.

When applying for citizenship for a minor:

  1. Documents of the child to whom the application applies.
  2. Documentary consent of the second parent to grant the minor Polish citizenship.
  3. If the minor is 16 years old - his personal consent to the assignment of Polish citizenship to him.

Translation of documents into Polish, certification of their copies is the work of a translator and a Polish consul.

Exams and tests

Readiness to move is determined by the level of Polish language proficiency - in order to obtain citizenship, it must be at least B1. This is confirmed by a certificate issued by the State Commission for the Evaluation of Knowledge of the Polish Language. The test consists of listening, a test with answers to questions, grammar and composition.

To whom the certificate is issued without an exam:

  1. Children under 16 years old.
  2. Born / educated in Poland.
  3. Other cases provided by law.

The Polish language is easy to learn due to its similarity with Russian. Courses take up to six months, but for level B1 you will have to spend a little more time. During this period, the Russian will definitely overcome the language barrier.

Passing an exam in the relevant language requires a fee of 150 euros, another 20 euros for issuing a certificate.

Knowledge of Polish history, culture and traditions of Poland is an important criterion. It is verified by tests. It is not difficult to get acquainted with such information and remember it, because. the mentality of Poland and Russia is very similar.

There is a test to test knowledge of the basics of Polish legislation. After passing it, a state certificate is issued. It usually takes up to 30 days for results to be processed.

Terms of consideration

Obtaining a Polish passport does not require urgent consideration, so its registration can be delayed at any time.

How long to wait for a decision is an individual question. It all depends on how quickly all documentation is processed and a new one is created (marriage certificate, birth certificate, passport, etc.). For this reason, many people often refuse to immigrate to Poland.

Application fee

The cost of applying for Polish citizenship (stamp duty) – PLN 219. The state duty is refunded if the applicant was denied citizenship.

For comparison, PLN 219 is about 4,000 rubles (at the current exchange rate). The state duty for registration of Russian citizenship is 3,500 rubles.

Possible reasons for refusal

The refusal of the President to obtain Polish citizenship is not subject to appeal. This decision does not require justification.

In other cases, a complaint is filed against the Minister of the Interior through the consul. It is considered 2 weeks from the date of notification of the decision. The next step is to file an application with the Administrative Court. The term is 30 days. The last instance is a cassation appeal to the Supreme Administrative Court within 30 days. Here you can not do without a lawyer.

Possible reasons for refusal:

  1. Some condition is not met.
  2. The foreigner poses a threat to the state.

Double citizenship

Dual citizenship is allowed in Poland, but when leaving and entering the republic, a person must show a Polish passport.

When applying for Polish citizenship, a person needs to find out if the current citizenship is not canceled because of this.

So, the article contains answers to popular questions: “How to move to Poland?” and “How to get Polish citizenship?”. The tips from the list make it easy to get a Polish passport, immigrate and settle in a major city in Poland.

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